separation of powers

separation of powers
The governments of states and the United States are divided into three departments or branches: the legislative, which is empowered to make laws, the executive which is required to carry out the laws, and the judicial which is charged with interpreting the laws and adjudicating disputes under the laws. Under this constitutional doctrine of "separation of powers," one branch is not permitted to encroach on the domain or exercise the powers of another branch.
See U.S. Constitution, Articles I-III.
See also power (constitutional powers)

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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